Maintaining healthcare data privacy is a job of paramount importance for healthcare organizations today. Healthcare data is one of the most sensitive personal information available and also it is one of the most frequently breached data types, especially those that are stored in electronic form. The challenges of protecting healthcare data are continually increasing, and many organizations are finding it difficult to keep up with HIPAA and other regulations. Healthcare data breaches have different forms like cases where hackers steal Protected Health Information (PHI) for committing medical identity theft or instances where healthcare providers view health records without authorization. Data breaches cost organizations dearly, by tarnishing reputation and imposing hefty fines related to HIPAA. Healthcare organizations need to implement comprehensive data security measures for protecting patient data and keeping the hackers and other evolving threats at bay. They need to adopt more sophisticated and multifaceted approach to protect the data in use, at rest or in transit.